How to use ISO standards to overcome pandemic (Corona) challenges
What Is a Pandemic?
Pandemics are states of disease that sharply increase in populations round the world with infections happening more or less simultaneously. While it always refers to infectious diseases, like plague or influenza, or in the recent times like Corana Virus.
An endemic infection is one that is still relatively stable over time, infecting numerous number of places around the world. The parasite for instance, can cause serious infections, but is typically contained within tropical regions in numbers that do not vary much from year to year.
An outbreak describes a sudden spike in transmissions during a localized region. For instance, in 2019 the Democratic Republic of the Congo saw a steep rise in people contracting the Ebola virus within the nation’s east. While the world Health Organisation (WHO) viewed it as a public health emergency, its containment meant it wasn’t a plague.
Widespread outbreaks across wider regions tend to be considered epidemics. The spread of Ebola across Western Africa between 2013 and 2016 is usually described using the word epidemic.
Once the epidemic has proven to be capable of travelling the planet in a way that sustains widespread, ongoing infections, it is often considered as an Pandemic.
Pandemics have occurred throughout history and appear to be increasing in frequency, particularly due to the increasing emergence of viral disease from animals.
Pandemic risk is driven by the combined effects of spark risk (where an epidemic is probably going to arise) and spread risk (how likely it’s to diffuse broadly through human populations).
Some geographic regions with high spark risk, including Central and West Africa, lag behind the remainder of the world in pandemic preparedness.
Influenza is that the presumably pathogen to cause a severe pandemic. Analysis indicates that in any given year, a 1 percent probability exists of an influenza pandemic that causes nearly 6 million pneumonia and influenza deaths more widely.
Pandemics can cause significant, widespread increases in morbidity and mortality and have disproportionately higher mortality impacts.
Pandemics can cause economic damage through multiple channels, including short-term fiscal shocks and longer-term negative shocks to economic process.
Individual behavioural changes, like fear-induced workplaces and other public gathering places are a primary explanation for negative shocks to economic process during pandemics. Some pandemic mitigation measures can cause significant social and economic disruption. In countries with weak institutions and legacies of political instability, pandemics can increase political stresses and tensions. In these contexts, outbreak response measures like quarantines have sparked violence and tension between states and citizens.
The most cost-effective strategies for increasing pandemic preparedness, especially in resource-constrained settings, contains investing to strengthen core public health infrastructure, including water and sanitation systems; increasing situational awareness; and rapidly extinguishing sparks that would cause pandemics.
Once an epidemic has started, a coordinated response should be implemented that specialize in maintenance of situational awareness, public health messaging, reduction of transmission.
Successful contingency planning and response require surge capacity—the ability to proportion the delivery of health interventions proportionately for the severity of the event.
For many poorly prepared countries, surge capacities likely are going to be delivered by aid providers. This is often a tenable strategy during localized outbreaks, but global surge capacity has limits that likely are going to be reached during a full-scale global pandemic as higher-capacity states specialise in their own populations.
Risk transfer mechanisms, like risk pooling and sovereign-level catastrophe insurance, provide a viable option for managing pandemic risk.
Pandemics can cause acute, short-term fiscal shocks also as longer-term damage to economic process. Early-phase public health efforts to contain or limit outbreaks (such as tracing contacts, implementing quarantines, and isolating infectious cases) entail significant human resource and staffing costs. As an epidemic grows, new facilities may have to be constructed to manage additional infectious cases this alongside increasing demand for consumables (medical supplies, personal protective equipment, and drugs) can greatly increase health system expenditures.
How can ISO help you out during Pandemic?
A comprehensive audit of your organization’s work culture, processes and methodology for preparing and reacting to the potential hazard like COVID-19. The aim of this audit is to ensure that your OH&S management system is prepared to combat viral infections like COVID-19.
Amendment of the leave policy, so as to stay a track of all those leaves taken thanks to virus infection. Accordingly, you’ll prepare everyone to remember of any suspected viral outbreak.
Direct communication with the workers so as to instruct them on the way to tackle an infection, different communicable diseases, or any such topic of awareness.
Pandemic Planning may be a documented approach that permits you to organize for a prevalent and dangerous outbreak of an infectious life-threatening disease which will influence an organization’s ability to perform crucial functions.
A pandemic plan should present how a corporation will still deliver essential services during an occasion with substantial employee absenteeism. This training course describes also the measures that the organization will implement and apply when dealing with pandemics. This intervention explains how the organization will reduce the contact between people to assist prevent the outbreak of an infection.
Give general counselling about the way to stay safe of the spread of infections, among the workers also because of the visitors in your premises.
Last but not the least, you would like to reassess the travelling schedule of your employees, both personal and executive flights, so on confirm that they don’t visit COVID-19 affected areas of the planet.
This is how you’ll easily combat the COVID-19 infection in your organization through a desirable OH&S management system as per the ISO 45001 certification guidelines.
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